What is PRP Therapy

What is Platelet Rich Plasma

Blood cells. Set of colored cells. Red blood cells, platelets, leukocytes, lymphocytes, eosinophils, neutrophils, basophils monocytes Infographics Vector illustration on isolated background

Platelets, also called thrombocytes, play a key role in the regeneration and wound healing process. Platelet Rich Plasma, PRP Therapy is a revolutionary pain treatment therapy involves injecting platelets from the patient’s own blood to rebuild a damaged tendon or cartilage. They consist of a variety of so called growth factors, among them are

EGF (Epidermal Growth Factor)

PDGF (Platelet Derived Growth Factor)

VEGF (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor)


2White blood cells (WBCs), also referred to as leukocytes, are a key part of the body´s immune system. They help fight infections by attacking viruses, bacteria or germs.

Red Blood Cells, also known as Erythrocytes, are responsible for transporting oxygen from the lungs to the cells of the body.

Plasma consists of around 92% of water. It also contains many essential vitamins, nutrients and proteins that are key to cell survival.


White blood cells in peripheral blood smear, Wright stainPlatelet Rich Plasma is defined as a blood concentrate with a significantly higher presence of platelets, compared to native blood. PRP Therapy is an emerging regenerative treatment option that jumpstarts the patient´s own regeneration process. The procedure utilizes the latest in medical technology to prepare an autologous (from one patient applied to the same patient) blood concentrate.

Once the concentrated platelets are locally injected they get in contact with different platelet activators such as collagen, thrombin, motion or even heat. Upon activation the platelets release a variety of so called growth factors. These are responsible for the healing and regeneration process – a high concentration of these growth factors results in a kick-start of foresaid.

What’s the science behind PRP Therapy?


Platelet Rich Plasma has been used in clinical practice since the early 1990’s. The procedure was first used by dentists after research had shown that there was a positive effect on the wound healing after tooth extraction.

Today PRP Therapy is successfully used in orthopedics, sports medicine, wound healing, dermatology, cardiac surgery and most recently even sexual medicine. On Pubmed, the scientific resource for all published clinical trials list more than 7000 results on publications using Platelet Rich Plasma. Please refer to the applications to learn about clinical studies in the field of your interest.

How is PRP being prepared

1Platelet Rich Plasma is prepared in your physicians office in just a matter of minutes. The physician or nurse hereby draws a small amount of venous blood, typically from the elbow. The sample is then processed with a dedicated medical device that has been approved by the FDA and then spun in a medical centrifuge.

After centrifugation the physician prepares the Platelet Rich Plasma following the manufactures protocol. The final product is a high concentration of the patients very own platelets embedded in its own physiological environment – the plasma. The preparation typically takes less than 15 minutes and the PRP can be injected right away.

What is the risk of a PRP procedure?

PRP is a very safe treatment as the entire preparation process is closed and there are no foreign substances added to the PRP.

As with every other medical injection therapy there is a slight risk of infection, hematoma or tissue irritation involved. Ask your doctor about the associated risks for your individual PRP treatment.

What is the cost of a PRP procedure?



PRP Therapy is generally considered as a reasonably priced procedure, especially in comparison with more invasive treatment options or surgery.

The cost of a procedure varies depending on your individual medical condition. Your doctor will design a personalized treatment plan and discuss financing options.

Is PRP considered as doping?



No. In January 2011, the World Anti-Doping Agency removed intramuscular injections of PRP from its prohibitions after determining that there is a “lack of any current evidence concerning the use of these methods for purposes of performance enhancement”. Since then many elite athletes (see news section) have undergone PRP treatment.

Clinical Application of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy

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